Here you can read about different types of hernias and their respective treatment options. You will find more detailed information in our links.
An inguinal hernia (lat. hernia inguinalis) is an abdominal hernia in the area of the inguinal canal. Muscles, tendons and connective tissue form the fixed outer wall of the abdominal cavity. A weaknesses there may lead to localized holes, so-called hernias. Inguinal hernia is the most frequent type of hernia and occurs in all age groups. Men are 9x more affected than women.
Umbilical hernia (lat. hernia umbilicalis) is an abdominal hernia at the site of passage of the umbilical cord through the abdominal wall. Umbilical hernia is a common form of hernia and occurs in all age groups and both sexes.
Incisional hernia is an abdominal hernia in the area of a scar on the abdomen resulting from previous abdominal surgery (gall bladder, intestine, liver, etc.). It occurs as a result of an incompletely healed surgical wound.
A diaphragmatic hernia arises in a weak point of the passage of the esophagus through the diaphragm between the chest and abdominal cavities. This can be congenital but also acquired and may cause the upper portion of the stomach or even the whole stomach prolapse itself through this flared opening in the chest cavity or into the latter and again leveled out. The symptoms are often acid regurgitation and a burning sensation in the stomach, as well as nausea and trouble picking up various dishes. The definitive diagnosis can usually be made by a gastroscopy, in which also any changes in the interior are especially checked at the lower share of the esophagus, as these can be damaged by stomach acid and changed over time.
The diastasis recti - an often underestimated problem associated with umbilical and epigastric fractures and often in conjunction with existing back pain!
The diastasis recti is the diverging of the rectus abdominis muscles around the center line, the linea alba. They are available as congenital anomaly, but acquired much more frequently, especially after pregnancy. A diastasis recti about two centimeters is considered pathological findings. this abdominal wall weakness / abdominal wall instability is complicated often by the appearance of umbilical or Oberbauchhernien (hernia repair), and very often it is accompanied by back pain, the cause is often the physical therapist or orthopedic surgeon opens not like that.
A new surgical technique may (ELAR) is again performed through a small incision around the navel and using an HD camera, the muscles at the proper place, closed the hernia and abdominal wall stability are restored. With additional use of a classic plastic network or a completely resolution (absorbable) network this reconstruction will be held on time and the biomechanics of the abdominal and back muscles is again in the balance, so that often belong also passed back pain the past and Sport is again possible. About Stretched sagging skin, for example, just after pregnancy tightens after such an operation by itself, and plastic surgery (tummy tuck etc.) are usually unnecessary.
The operation is scheduled for individual examination incl. Ultrasound and then conducted by us at a partner hospital under Vollnachkose. After about 4-5 days a dismissal in the outpatient care is available and for 6 weeks a waist belt worn and lifting loads than 5 kg should be avoided. Then there are no more restrictions and also any kind of sport is allowed and possible.
Other types of hernia
In addition to the previously mentioned types of hernia, there are also, for example, femoral or diaphragmatic hernias. It doesn't matter where hernias occur, it is always necessary to assess them individually in order to ensure optimal treatment.
With increasing symptoms and size, hernias surgery is indicated. A hernia should always be treated in good time, since there is, among other things, a risk of strangulation and incarceration of parts of the intestine, which would inevitably lead to a life-threatening situation.